Mitsubishi G4M2 Betty

The Mitsubishi G4M was a medium bomber similar in role and configuration to the North American B-25 Mitchell, Heinkel He 111 and the Vickers Wellington. Its Allied reporting name was “Betty”. The Betty was operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service who’s crews nicknamed it Hamaki (Cigar) due to its stout profile. The G4M had good flight performance and range due, in part, to its light weight. However, its light weight came at the cost of not having armor plating or self-sealing fuel tanks like most of its contemporaries. This made them vulnerable even to light enemy ground fire which could cause them to explode. This led to some disgruntled crews calling it the “the flying lighter” or “the flying Zippo” by Allied pilots.

With the drastically increased rate of kamikaze attacks and mass suicides towards the end of the war, the Americans were highly skeptical of the Japanese intentions to actually surrender. Given this climate of mistrust, General Douglas MacArthur ordered that the aircraft transporting the envoys from Tokyo to lejima be painted all white including the red hinomarus (meatball). Green crosses were to be painted in place of the hinomarus. Lejima was the base of the 413th Fighter Group and was the first stop and the transfer point for the Japanese surrender emissaries who arrived from Tokyo on two “green cross” Betty Bombers. For this flight, the Betty bombers were aptly given the call signs “Bataan 1” and “Bataan 2”. Bataan 1 was a Mitsubishi G6M1-L2 and Bataan 2 was a Mitsubishi G4M1,

Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka

The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, "cherry blossom"; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II. Although extremely fast, the very short range of the Ohka meant that it had to be carried into action as a parasite aircraft by a much larger bomber, which was itself vulnerable to carrier-borne fighters. In action during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945, Ohkas were able to sink or damage some escort vessels and transport ships but no major warships were ever sunk. Improved versions which attempted to overcome the aircraft's shortcomings were developed too late to be deployed. Allied troops referred to the aircraft as "Baka Bombs".