Tupolev Tu-22M Backfire

The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the 1960s. According to some sources, the bomber was believed to be designated Tu-26 at one time. During the Cold War, the Tu-22M was operated by the Soviet Air Forces (VVS) in a missile carrier strategic bombing role, and by the Soviet Naval Aviation (Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskogo Flota, AVMF) in a long-range maritime anti-shipping role.[1] Significant numbers remain in service with the Russian Air Force; as of 2014, more than 100 Tu-22Ms were in use, and in 2021, before the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, there were 66 of the aircraft in service.